Conditions and Treatments

Herniated Disc (Bulging Disc)

What Is a Herniated Disc?

A herniated disc is a condition that can strike any part of the spine, but is most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) or neck (cervical spine). The spine is made up of a column of stacked bones called vertebrae. The vertebrae are separated by flat, gelatinous discs that provide cushioning between the bones. The discs are made of a tough outer layer, called the annulus fibrosis, and a jelly-type center, called the nucleus pulposus. Over time, the disc begins to deteriorate, most commonly by drying out and shrinking. When this happens, the disc’s outer wall can become weak and tear (herniate), allowing the disc’s center to push out onto very sensitive spinal nerves, leading to pain and irritation. A bulging disc occurs when the outer layer remains intact but bulges outward, pressing against nerves. A herniated lumbar disc is one of the most common causes of low back pain, primarily because the lower back bears the majority of the body’s weight.

What Are the Symptoms of a Herniated Disc?

What Are the Causes of a Herniated Disc?

What Are the Treatments for a Herniated Disc?

Non-surgical Treatment
Surgery to Treat Lumbar Herniated Disc